Uterine Fibroids Amritsar - Symptoms, Causes, Treatment
Uterine fibroids, which your doctor may call leiomyomas or myomas, are muscular tumors that can grow on your uterus.
Uterine Fibroids: Symptoms
Uterine fibroids, which your doctor may call leiomyomas or myomas, are muscular tumors that can grow on your uterus. These tumors rarely become cancerous, but if they do it doesn’t necessarily mean that you are more likely to develop uterine cancer.
Fibroids come in many sizes, shapes, and locations. Fibroids can be found in your uterus or uterine wall. A stalk- or stem-like structure can attach them to your uterus.
Some grow in large masses that can alter the shape and size of the uterus.
Uterine Fibroids: Causes
Experts aren’t sure why fibroids occur. Genetics and hormones may make it more likely that you will get fibroids.
Hormones: EstrogenAndProgesteroneThese hormones cause your uterus to thicken each month during your period. They can also affect the growth of fibroids. The slowing down of hormone production can lead to fibroid growth. menopauseFibroids shrink in general.
Genetics. Researchers discovered genetic differences in fibroids and normal cells within the uterus.
Other growth factors: Fibroid growth may be caused by substances in your body that aid in tissue maintenance, such as insulin-like Growth Factor.
Extracellular matrix (ECM): ECM helps cells stick together. Fibroids contain more ECM than normal cells which makes them fibrous. ECM is also a source of growth factors and causes cells to alter.
Uterine fibroids: Risk Factors
There are a few things that can increase your chances of developing uterine fibroids.
- Getting your period at a young age
- Birth control use
- Vitamin D deficiency
- Consuming too much red meat, not enough green vegetables, fruits, or dairy.
- Family history
Fibroids are more common in those whose mother or sister has had them
Uterine Fibroid Diagnosis
A routine pelvic exam may reveal that your doctor suspects you might have uterine fibroids. They may order additional tests if your uterus appears unusually large or irregularly shaped.
- Ultrasound: Ultrasounds are sound waves that take pictures of your uterus. To obtain the images, a technician will either place a device in your vaginal or abdominal area. Your doctor will then be able to determine if fibroids are present and what size they are.
- Lab tests:To determine the cause of fibroids, your doctor might order blood tests. A complete blood count (CBC), can be used to determine if you have anemia (low red blood cells) and other bleeding disorders.
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): An MRI may be required if your doctor requires more information after an ultrasound. MRIs provide more detailed images of fibroids, which can be used to help doctors determine the best treatment. If you are pregnant or have a large uterus, your doctor may recommend an MRI.
- Hysterosonography: To make your uterine cavity larger, a technician injects saline. They can see the fibroids growing in your uterus (submucosal fioids) and the lining. This is helpful if you are trying to get pregnant, or have heavy periods.
- Hysterosalpingography: If your doctor needs to see if your fallopian tubes are blocked, you might have a hysterosalpingography. To help you see the areas more clearly, your doctor may use dye to highlight your fallopian tubes and uterus on an Xray.
- Hysteroscopy: The doctor will insert a small telescope and light into your cervix. After injecting saline into your uterine cavity and expanding it, your doctor can examine the walls of your fallopian tube opening and your uterus.
Uterine Fibroid Treatment
Fibroids can be treated in many ways. It all depends on your symptoms, whether you want to become pregnant, what your age is, and where your fibroids reside.
Be watchful: Your doctor might suggest that you wait to see if you only have mild symptoms. Fibroids don’t cause cancer and can grow slowly or not at any rate. Fibroids can shrink or disappear after menopause.
Medicines: Fibroid medication can be used to treat your symptoms. Fibroids will not disappear, but they may shrink with the use of certain medications. They can help with bleeding and pain.
Oral birth control can help reduce bleeding. Pain relief can be achieved with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medication such as ibuprofen and acetaminophen. If you have anemia or are bleeding profusely, iron and vitamins can be helpful in boosting your energy levels.
There are also other medications:
- Oriahnn: This combination of estrogen, progestin, and elagolix is FDA-approved as an oral medication for heavy menstrual bleeding. The medication can reduce bleeding by 50% on average.
- Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists: This will temporarily put you in menopause by blocking estrogens and progesterone. This could shrink your fibroids. This option may be offered by your doctor before you undergo surgery.
- A progestin-releasing intrauterine device (IUD): Heavy bleeding can be controlled by having a catheter inserted into the uterus. It can also help prevent pregnancy.
- Tranexamic Acid (Cyklokapron Lysteda): It doesn’t contain hormones. It is used to reduce your bleeding on days when you are bleeding heavily.
Surgery may be necessary if you suffer from severe or moderate symptoms. There are many options:
- Myomectomy: This procedure removes fibroids and leaves healthy tissue intact. If you are hoping to get pregnant, this may be the best option. There are many ways to perform a myomectomy. These include major abdominal surgery and laparoscopy.
- Endometrial ablation: To remove or destroy your uterine lining, a surgeon may use wire loops or lasers. This minor surgery may be performed as an outpatient. You will stop having periods and be unable to get pregnant.
- Uterine fibrid embolization, or uterine arterial embolization (UAE) is a procedure that involves uterine embolization: This procedure involves injecting plastic or gel particles into nearby blood vessels to block blood flow to fibroids. The fibroids will shrink as a result.
- Hysterectomy.This procedure removes your entire uterus. This surgery is the only way you can cure fibroids completely. This is a major procedure, but your doctor may offer other options, such as cutting through the abdomen, or laparoscopy.
Uterine Fibroid Prevention
Although fibroids can’t be avoided, there are some studies that suggest certain lifestyle choices can decrease your chance of contracting them.
A study concluded that some women are more at risk from high-sugar diets. A second study showed that fresh fruits and cruciferous veggies like turnip greens and broccoli can lower your chances of getting cancer. Cruciferous vegetables contain high levels of folate, beta-carotene and vitamins C, E and K. They are also high in fiber.
Regular exercise also can lower your chances of uterine fibroids.